The portal is attributed to Giorgio da Como (c. 1228), and is in Romanesque-Gothic style, built in Conero white stone from Mount Conero and Veronese red marble. The building is an example of mixed Romanesque-Byzantine and Gothic elements, and stands on the site of the former acropolis of the Greek city, the Guasco hill which overlooks Ancona and its gulf. Excavations carried on in 2016 proved that an Italic temple, perhaps dedicated to Aphrodite, existed on the site as early as the 3rd century BC. In 995–1015 a new church was built, which kept the original walls. Ancona Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Ancona, central Italy, dedicated to Saint Cyriacus of Ancona. The bell tower is in an isolated position. An initial restoration took place in 1883. The interior is on the Greek cross plan. Mariano Pallottini - Le Marche has uploaded 426 photos to Flickr. The edifice is built in white stone from Mount Conero, with apses protruding from the transept's ends and an elevated body, with a dome at the crossing, in correspondence to the nave. Fortepan 86238.jpg 3,636 × 5,039; 10.47 MB. Explore Mariano Pallottini - Le Marche's photos on Flickr. San Ciriaco, Duomo di Ancona. The dome is supported by cruciform cluster piers. In Roman times it kept its own coinage with the punning device of the bent arm holding a palm branch, and the head of Aphroditeon the reverse, and continued th… Further damage was caused by an earthquake in 1972, followed by a new restoration and another official opening in 1977. On top of it, in the 6th century CE, a Palaeo-Christian church was built: this had a nave and three aisles with the entrance facing south-east (where the current Chapel of the Crucifix is). In the Crypt of Tears below, rebuilt after the devastation of World War II, are remains of ancient structures. At the beginning of the northern nave is the monument to a Fermo warrior from 1530. The dome is one of the most ancient in Italy. The urns with bronze festoons were designed and executed between 1757 and 1760 by Gioacchino Varlè. In Ancona. The building is an example of mixed Romanesque-Byzantine and Gothic elements, and stands on the site of the former acropolis of the Greek city, the Guasco hill which overlooks Ancona and its gulf. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Ancona. The city has many fine Gothic buildings and is the site of the National Museum of Marche,…. Pages in category "San Ciriaco (Ancona)" This category contains only the following page. In 1926 the cathedral was declared a basilica minor. Read More. site. Together with the church of Sant'Antonio at Padua and St. Mark's Basilica in Venice, it was one of the few contemporary examples of domes built in churches, instead than in separate baptisteries. The church, previously dedicated to Saint Lawrence, was re-dedicated to Saint Cyriacus the Martyr, the patron saint and (possibly) bishop of Ancona. Once the transept was rebuilt, the church was officially reopened in 1951. The anterior ones stand on lions in Veronese red marble, while the rear ones, added later by Luigi Vanvitelli, are on a simple pedestal. The northern transept houses the Madonna Chapel, with a lavishly decorated niche designed by Luigi Vanvitelli in 1739, which is the site of a venerated 17th century image of the Madonna. At the crossing is the internal part of the dome, which has pendentives with Byzantine-style figures of praying angels. The façade, divided into three section, is preceded by a wide staircase; above it is a 13th-century Romanesque portal formed by a round arch supported by four columns. All the external surfaces feature a decoration of Lombard bands. Under the chapel is a crypt with the remains of Saint Cyriacus of Ancona (in a marble case), Saints Liberius and Marcellinus (in Sicilian jasper) and the ashes of Saint Palatia. Its screens (transennae) are formed by tiles with sgraffito decoration from a balustrade of 1189. Greek merchants established a Tyrian purple dye factory here. All the arms are divided into a nave and two aisles, with re-used antique Roman columns with Byzantine capitals. The presbytery's arms house, in the northern aisles, the sepulchre of Blessed Girolamo Ginelli (d. 1506), made in 1509 by Giovanni Dalmata. Ancona was founded by Greek settlers from Syracuse in about 387 BC, who gave it its name: Ancona stems from the Greek word Ἀγκών (Ankṓn), meaning "elbow"; the harbour to the east of the town was originally protected only by the promontory on the north, shaped like an elbow. The side arms of the transept end in elevated apses, while the central arm of the presbytery lost the original apse during the enlargement works of the 18th century. They depict, on the left, Jeremiah and Habakkuk; the Eternal Father and the Blessed Virgin; an angel and Saint John the Evangelist; and Saint Cyriacus; and, on the right, figures of animals: two cranes on a pomegranate tree, an eagle, two peacocks on a tree and two gryphons. Szent Ciriaco székesegyház. San Ciriaco, Ancona Alessandro Ciurnelli STORIA STORIA Nei secoli IV-III a.C nella posizione dove ora si trova chiesa di San Ciriaco venne costruito un tempio romano dedicato a Venere Euplea, orientato verso il mare, a NO. …and the 12th- to 13th-century Cathedral of San Ciriaco, which is supposed to occupy the site of a Roman temple of Venus and incorporates the remains of a basilica of the 5th–6th century. Above the portal is a large oculus with a Romanesque frame between two single mullioned windows. It is decorated by a series of columns holding ogival arches with reliefs of saints' busts, animal figures and vegetable motifs. Under the arches are four reliefs depicting the symbols of the Evangelists. Some remains of it still in existence include a mosaic pavement and perimeter walls. All the naves have hull-shaped, painted wooden vaults dating from the 15th century. Il tempio venne poi trasformato in basilica nei secoli It is mentioned from 1314 and was built above a pre-existing late 13th-century tower. In 1017 the renovated basilica received the relics of Saint Marcellinus of Ancona and Saint Cyriacus. Ancona Cathedral (Italian: Duomo di Ancona, Basilica Cattedrale Metropolitana di San Ciriaco) is a Roman Catholic cathedral in Ancona, central Italy, dedicated to Saint Cyriacus of Ancona. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Ancona. The copper cover was added in the 16th century. It has an ogival shape with a dodecagonal drum, standing on a square base with small decorative arches. Further enlargement works occurred between the late 12th and the early 13th centuries, with the addition of a transept to obtain a Greek cross plan, and an entrance towards the south-west, resulting in the church now facing the port and the new road entering the city. The damage was restored in 1920, but in World War II Anglo-American aerial bombings destroyed the south transept and the Crypt of Tears under it, along with the art objects housed there. San Ciriaco; Media in category "San Ciriaco (Ancona)" The following 110 files are in this category, out of 110 total. It was built over the crossing in the 13th century, and is attributed to Margaritone d'Arezzo (1270). The south transept is home to the Chapel of the Crucifix. The transepts were at a higher level than the previous nave, and had apses. Cathedral dedicated to St. Cyriacus, seat of the Archdiocese of Ancona-Osimo, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ancona-Osimo, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancona_Cathedral&oldid=959723525, Buildings and structures completed in 1017, 11th-century Roman Catholic church buildings, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with Italian-language sources (it), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 May 2020, at 08:20. During World War I, on 24 May 1915, the basilica was damaged by a bombardment of the Austro-Hungarian fleet.
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